What is Dysphonia? Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment.

Dysphonia is a voice problem that can occur when the vocal cords do not vibrate properly when speaking or singing. It can cause a hoarse, rough, or strained voice, or even the complete loss of voice. Below are some of the causes, symptoms, and treatment options for dysphonia.

Causes of Dysphonia

Some of the most common causes of dysphonia include:

  • Excessive use of the voice, such as speaking too loudly or for long periods of time.
  • Smoking or exposure to secondhand smoke.
  • Respiratory illnesses, such as asthma or bronchitis.
  • Gastroesophageal reflux (GERD), which can cause stomach acids to irritate the vocal cords.
  • Respiratory infections, such as a cold or the flu.
  • Injuries to the vocal cords, such as a blow to the neck or intubation during surgery.
  • Tumors in the larynx or throat.

Symptoms of Dysphonia

Symptoms of dysphonia can vary, from a hoarse or rough voice to a complete loss of voice. Other symptoms may include:

  • Sore throat or discomfort when swallowing.
  • Vocal fatigue, meaning the voice tires easily.
  • Difficulty speaking at a normal volume.
  • Sensation of something in the throat or frequent need to clear the throat.

Treatment for Dysphonia

Treatment for dysphonia will depend on the underlying cause. In some cases, medication may be needed to treat underlying medical conditions. In other cases, voice exercises and speech therapy may be recommended to help strengthen the vocal muscles and improve voice quality.

It is also important to modify habits that may worsen dysphonia, such as smoking or excessive alcohol consumption. In some cases, surgery may be recommended to treat vocal cord injuries or tumors.


Dysphonia is a common disorder that can affect people of all ages and professions. If you experience symptoms of dysphonia, it is important to consult a healthcare professional for proper diagnosis and treatment.

Keywords: dysphonia, hoarse voice, vocal cords, speech therapy, treatment, causes, symptoms, vocal fatigue.

Here’s an article with some guidelines to prevent voice problems.

Guidelines for vocal hygiene